But I think a better way to define the index would be to compute the inverse of the index you use. That would give Indiana a GI of 2.2936, IN-1 1.7825, and IN-8 4.6083. NC, on the other hand, would have a GI of 8.5470, NC-12, 40.1606. This gives us an (arbitrary) subjective definition: if a district has a GI > 5, or 6, it appears to be Gerrymandered. This is actually more intuitive: the larger the number, the greater the level of Gerrymandering.

You could argue that it’s arbitrary, but all scales are arbitrary. Farenheit used the freezing point of the Atlantic for 0 and his personal body temperature for 100 – and he was running a fever that day. Celcius is similarly arbitrary, but more “scientific,” he used the freezing and boiling points of pure water at sea level for 0 and 100.

Even the meter is an arbitrary number, according to Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metre), “The metre was originally defined in 1793 as one ten-millionth of the distance from the equator to the North Pole. In 1889, it was redefined in terms of a prototype metre bar (the actual bar used was subsequently changed twice). In 1960, the metre was redefined in terms of a certain number of wavelengths of a certain emission line of krypton-86. In 1983, the current definition was adopted. In 1959, the imperial inch was re-defined as 0.0254 metres (2.54 centimetres or 25.4 millimetres). One metre is about 3 3⁄8 inches longer than a yard, i.e. about 39 3⁄8 inches.”

I suppose if the American Revolution had begun in 1794, not 1776 (or we had lost) we would be using the metric system.

]]>The short answer is infrastructure, and waste. ]]>

Jon

]]> I have become reliant on data posted at the SEMP website. Today I was looking for an article and found the entire site gone. No evidence of articles or other sites to direct to. Do you have any information on where to find the Biot posts now?

(FEMA even referenced SEMP in a history inclusion: http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/pub1.pdf (See page 3, footnote) ).

Any leads would be helpful. Thanks!